|By Canada location map.svg:derivative work: Yug (talk)Canada (geolocalisation).svg: STyxderivative work: Themightyquill (talk) – Canada location map.svg, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14706244|
This week\’s 52 Ancestors prompt is \”Earliest\”. The earliest people in Canada were the native tribes, so I thought I\’d look at Indigenous Research at Library and Archives Canada.
The best place to look at what they have both offline and online is their page Indigenous heritage. On it are links to their databases, virtual exhibits, and research guides. It\’s a great information page to help you get started. They\’ve also provided links to their pages on the First Nations, the Metis Nation, and the Inuit.
I\’ve taken a look at their online databases, and given a brief outline of each one.
Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990
The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created in 1966. Before then, various departments were responible for Indigenous Peoples and/or Canada\’s North. This database contains images of the the annual reports submitted to the government by the Department and it\’s earlier counterparts. If your ancestor was an Indian Agent, you might find mention of them. If your ancestor was part of the indigenous tribes, you probably won\’t find mention of them. However, you can still get some background on their life through the eyes of the government. This database can be searched by keyword or by year. Images can be downloaded to your computer.
Indian Reserves – Western Canada
This database contains maps and plans of the Indian Reserves in Western Canada. You can search by:
- Reserve Name
- Reserve Number
- Reprography Number
The results screen gives you the year of each result, and whether there is an online image. Click on a result, then \”PDF\” to obtain your image. You can then download the image as a PDF file.
This database is a collection of over 4,000 photographs of the Inuit people in Canada\’s far north. It is an ongoing collaboration to name the individuals photographed. You can search the collection by
- Reproduction Number
- Document Type
- GAD Reference Number
- Microfilm Reel Number
Don\’t forget to also look at the census returns on the LAC website. Reserve lands were often included in the enumeration.